Supination Resistance is a concept of determining the force needed to supinate the foot. This is considered important in foot orthotic prescribing as it is helpful to determine how much force if needed from the foot orthotic if the foot is overpronating.
The Determinants of Gait are the biomechanical strategies that the body uses in order to maintain the center of gravity in the horizontal plane, as well as increase efficiency and to decrease the expenditure of energy when walking and running
‘Overpronation’ is generally accepted as being the foot rolling inwards at the ankle or rearfoot joints. There is a lot of controversy about the use of the term; just how much of a risk factor for injury it is; if it should be treated or not; and what the best treatment for it should be.
The accessory navicular is an extra bone on the medial side of the navicular that can cause pain due to pressure on the lump from footwear (especially things like ice skates) and also be a factor in flat or overpronated feet due to changes in the pull of the tendon from the muscle that is the main supporter of the arch of the foot.
There is a lot of debate online about which is the best running technique for a runner to use. One of the more common debates is about the foot strike pattern and if it should be forefoot, midfoot or heel striking the ground first. The bulk of the evidence does not support one over the other.